Yes, Bobby. I believe you can. If you look at some of the pre-made live sets that come with the program, you'll see that as you drag a live set into the session view, the clips all show up in transparent view as you hover over the session view area. When you drop, ableton automatically places those clips in slots as they had been arranged prior.
Now, if you have a bunch of clips that haven't been set up for a live performance, you'll have to go in and arrange your clips in a way that keeps your instruments, keys, effects and such all in order so you know where they are. Labeling always helps, both at the top of your track and on the clip itself. This is especially useful if you have melodic or rhythmic patterns that change from clip to clip. Don't forget that "follow actions" are some of the most useful functions in session view that may ease your workload in actual performance.
Macros will also help your flow quite a bit, especially if you want to make slow or subtle changes to your textures or other parameters on the fly, very much like a dj would during a performance. Macros are so easy to set up on each rack, and if you are playing real instruments in addition to using ableton as a supporting tool, macros and follow actions will end up being your best friend.
Of course, what this takes is time and effort to set up your flow, and a good amount of practice integrating your entire work frombegninning to end. Once you get it, though, the work is well worth it.