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Take a 16 question quiz to test and certify your knowledge of the tutorial-video course
Audio Concepts 204 - Analog/Digital Hybrid Studios.
Get a mark of 80% or higher to pass this quiz!
A standard DAW-based studio...
must use the computer's internal microphone to record vocals
must use the computer's built-in audio outputs for monitoring and playback
usually incorporates and audio interface
never incorporates an audio interface
Analog summing refers to...
taking a stereo submix of a virtual mix and adding analog effects to it
running individual tracks out from a virtual DAW mix into a dedicated analog summing mixer
boosting the overall signal level of a finished virtual mix with analog hardware
inserting multiple effects one after the other in the master stereo bus of a virtual mix
MIDI data recorded on a MIDI or Instrument track in a DAW...
cannot be edited if it came from a hardware instrument
includes no audio, only the performance data
includes the audio from a hardware instrument
includes the audio from a virtual software instrument
An I/O plug-in in a DAW...
refers to a plug-in processor that emulates analog gear
is needed for setting up a Send & Return hookup via an Aux track in a DAW
is how the main stereo mix is sent out the DAW to the speakers
could be used to insert a hardware processor in a DAW channel strip
On a hardware mixer Direct Outputs or a Routing Matrix...
and intended to be used for Send & Return (parallel) processing with a reverb
submix already-recorded tracks from the DAW into the master stereo mix bus
allow individual mic signals to be routed to individual tracks in the DAW for recording
route already-recorded tracks from the DAW into the hardware (analog) mixer
An inline hardware console design...
only has one signal path in each channel strip, to preserve audio quality
uses two separate channel strips for the same DAW track, input and monitor
can only pass input signals to the DAW, and so can only be used for recording but not mixing
combines the input (recording) signal path and the monitor (playback) signal path in the same channel strip
An external hardware workstation...
must be connected to a DAW at all times to play its own sounds
cannot transfer MIDI or audio recordings into a DAW session
cannot be sync'd to a DAW session
includes its own recording capabilities
A studio patchbay...
is used to save & recall the settings of hardware processors, called "patches",It's very straightforward to insert effect processors in a DAW. Adding hardware effects in the analog world requires a bit of understanding of the routings. 5,Full Hybrid Mixi
must have a front-panel cable for every connection made through it
allows for convenient front-panel connections between all ins & outs of a mixer, interface, and processors
cannot be connected to a DAW interface, only to analog gear
If a mix is done exclusively in the analog domain...
the project must be recorded on an analog multitrack recorder
the DAW may be used only as a multitrack recorder/editor
the DAW must be disconnected during the analog mix to preserve the analog quality
the project must be pre-mixed in a DAW virtual mixer before the analog mix is done
An Instrument track in a DAW...
records the audio from a virtual software instrument
records only MIDI performance data and triggers the sound live in playback
records the audio from a hardware instrument
can only be used with virtual software instruments
Gain-Staging refers to...
maintaining the optimal signal level at all stages in the signal chain
using two mic preamps one after the other for the same mic
using two mics on the same sound source at different levels
running a mic signal into two different mic preamps at the same time
Hybrid Mixing refers to...
mixing in both a DAW virtual mixer and a hardware (analog) mixer
mixing on both speakers and headphones
mixing in both a home project studio and a professional studio control room
mixing both before and after recording and tracking is finished
What is an analog Front-End?
a strictly analog audio interface
another name for an audio interface
a signal chain of analog processors used for recording
another name for a USB microphone
When a hybrid mix must be resumed on another day, session recall refers to...
memorizing what instrument or vocal part is on what numbered track in both mixers
keeping a written/graphic record of all settings made on the analog mixer and outboard gear, in case they're changed
remembering good mix ideas you had earlier on the production, so you can implement them in the final mix
remembering what time the session is booked, so no time is wasted
When doing a hybrid mix...
two separate independent mixes must be done which are then submixed together
plug-ins that emulate analog gear cannot be used if real (hardware) analog gear is in use
processing can be applied in either or both the virtual mixer (plug-ins) and hardware mixer (outboard gear)
processing can be applied in either the virtual mixer (plug-ins) or hardware mixer (outboard gear) but not in both
A Hybrid Studio...
would not be able to incorporate virtual instruments
would be needed to handle projects in different musical genres
would not be able to incorporate hardware instruments
would incorporate both software and hardware mixing and processing
Audio Concepts 204
Analog/Digital Hybrid Studios
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